Cavitation is the formation and abrupt collapse of vapour-filled bubbles. This process takes place at points inside the pump where the pressure falls below the vapour pressure of the pumped medium.
The NPSH curve displays the minimum required inlet pressure (expressed in m) allowing the pump to pump in accordance with the performance curve and in order to prevent evaporation of the pumped fluid so as to avoid cavitation inside the pump.
Dry running, also referred to as inadequate lubrication, occurs when there is air in the rotor chamber, meaning that rotating parts are not cooled and lubricated as they should be. Dry running leads very rapidly to destruction of the pump.
Downforce is a downwardly directed force acting on the pump's impeller/shaft unit during operation.
A drainage pump is primarily intended for pumping surface water and seepage to different locations, and for the pumping of groundwater.
‘Lift’ refers to a condition whereby an upwardly directed force acts on the impeller/shaft unit of the pump during operation.
While operating the pump, an uninterrupted minimum flow rate is required in order to sufficiently cool the pump and the motor.
The maximum sand content of the water may not exceed 50 g/m³.
Water hammering is a pressure surge caused by a rapid change in flow velocity in the pipeline.
In order to ensure adequate cooling and lubrication of the pump, there must be sufficient volume flow through the pump.